Home Contact Demo
HeartVentures
 Home

What is the optimal nutrition plan?

Effects of Protein, Monounsaturated Fat, and Carbohydrate Intake on Blood Pressure and Serum Lipids
Lawrence J. Appel, MD, MPH; et al
JAMA. 2005;294:2455-2464.
Interventions:  A diet rich in carbohydrates; a diet rich in protein, about half from plant sources; and a diet rich in unsaturated fat, predominantly monounsaturated fat.
Conclusion: In the setting of a healthful diet, partial substitution of carbohydrate with either protein or monounsaturated fat can further lower blood pressure, improve lipid levels, and reduce estimated cardiovascular risk

Comment: As pointed out on the HeartVentures CDs, there remains one area of controversy regarding nutrition.  All agree that very low saturated fat is very important and that carbohydrates should be of a high fiber complex type.  What has not been clear is how much unsaturated fat and how much protein you should be eating.  This recent OMNIHEALTH study looked at 3 dietary patterns:
A diet rich in carbohydrates; a diet rich in protein, about half from plant sources; and a diet rich in unsaturated fat, predominantly monounsaturated fat.


Their findings were: In the setting of a healthful diet, partial substitution of carbohydrate with either protein or monounsaturated fat can further lower blood pressure, improve lipid levels, and reduce estimated cardiovascular risk.
Remember, it is still very beneficial to initiate a heart healthy eating pattern with very low fat for the calorie reduction benefit.  However it would be fine to replace some carbohydrate with plant based proteins at any time.
GLE

Copyright © 2004 HeartVentures
Web Design: Polar Design